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Research in this area aims analyse the evolution of the regional location quotients for both occupations and industrial clusters in Portuguese regions. It also aims to identify key job categories and interdependencies in the United States metropolitan statistical areas specialized in Aeronautics; to build and describe the Portuguese Aeronautic industry job space; and to identify existing and lacking key competences in Portuguese Aeronautic industry (comparing job space networks; existing nodes; interdependencies among them).

Mendonça, J., Heitor, M. (2016)

Title: The changing patterns of industrial production: How does it play for the Iberian Peninsula?

Abstract: t is well known that the weight of manufacturing in the economy has been decreasing substantially in many countries, which has become service-based economies, with the notable exception of Germany, Korea and China. This has happened together with an increasing democratization of the access to higher education and the opening-up of the science base in many world regions. On the other hand, the geographical concentration of industrial production have facilitated many of those regions to increasingly lose their productive ability, leading to changes in employment structure and the mobility of skilled people. This raises new concerns for science and industrial policies, which require to be discussed in terms of new forms of stakeholder engagement.

We analyze the effects of location of production in the Iberian Peninsula, exploring data on public and business expenditure on Research and Development, industrial production, and people migration movements for recent decades and years. In addition, we look specifically at two different sectorial industrial patterns: the aeronautics sector and the oil and gas. We explore data from interviews, identifying key conditions for the development of these sectors, and providing support to the argument that specific regions, such as Portugal, with a relative low level of industrial activity, may develop support ecosystems. This requires specific public policies strengthening intermediary institutions, the sustainable growth of technology based firms and global technology partnerships, towards the supply of engineering and technical capabilities and, thus, developing industrial and technical capacity to further explore emerging market opportunities at a global level.

 

Reis, A., Heitor, M., Amaral, A.M., Mendonça, J., (2016) 

Title: Revisiting industrial policy: Lessons learned from the establishment of an automotive OEM in Portugal

Abstract: This paper uses the establishment of Autoeuropa in Portugal, an automotive Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM), as a case study to examine industrial policy aimed at stimulating technological innovation. The automotive industry, in particular Autoeuropa, represents an important socio-economic contribution to the Portuguese industrial production. We focus the analysis on Portugal due to its role as a small and peripheral economy, deprived of significant R&D capacity. The approach considered in this paper builds on the Triple Helix conceptual framework to examine how Autoeuropa's establishment has helped to promote technological innovation in Portugal. Data was collected from databases, interviews with experts in the field, and archival data. Our results indicate that the increasingly transnational business requires evolving from nationalistic approaches towards new collaborative policy frameworks. In this context, large international collaborative arrangements play an emerging role, and therefore should be promoted through new policy frameworks. Moreover, given the current context in which companies move their production activities to the most cost-effective location, it looks increasingly relevant to promote the role of research and technology organizations and technology-based firms as part of the industrialisation strategy. 

 

Reis, A., Mendonça, J., Amaral, A.M., Heitor, M (2016)

Title: On the Changing Nature of Industrial Production: Implications for a Research Agenda in Aeronautics Industrial Policy

Abstract: The geography of industrial production is continuously shifting towards the most cost effective locations, being particularly associated with increasing uncertainty. This paper presents a contextual analysis of industrial production dynamics leading to a policy research agenda. In particular, we use unbalanced panel data on 173 European regions, during 1999–2007, to examine whether knowledge, human capital and innovation capability help to explain the role of manufacturing on regional development. A number of regulatory, institutional and policy issues affect the analysis.

The relative inadequacy of existing frameworks to capture complexities of emerging distributed supply chains is discussed in the paper, which argues about the need for a new approach to analyse industrial production and innovation. We focus the analysis on aeronautics due to its strategic importance for industrial dynamics, innovation, human capital and socioeconomic development. The paper proposes a new research agenda on the changing nature of industrial production. Overall, this research aims at identifying pathways towards more resilient supply chains, benefitting the creation, development and accumulation of technological capabilities in aeronautics.

Key words: Industrialization, Geography, Policy, Uncertainty and aeronautics

 

 

Title: Jobs relatedness and employment structure renewal in the Aeronautics (American Association of Geographers Annual Meeting, Boston, USA, 5-9 April, 2017)

Title: Building an Aeronautics Cluster in Portugal: the Shaping of a Socio-economicEcosysremin a Southwestern European Region (American Association of Geographers Annual Meeting, Boston, USA, 5-9 April, 2017)

Title: The dynamics of R&D network in the aeronautics industry: a longitudinal analysis of the aeronautics cluster in Portugal (Augsburg, Germany, 15-17 March, 2017)


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